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File Formats

From iA wiki

(Redirected from File formats)

See also: File Format | Audio Formats | Data | Information

This list is nowhere near exhaustive. Not even close. We're not even going to try. Seriously. No, seriously!

Some other helpful references include:


Contents

List of wiki topics which speak about a file format:

Graphics Formats:

  • GIF - Compressed graphics files - best for icons and low-color drawings
  • JPEG or JPG - Compressed graphics files - best for photos
  • PNG - Compressed graphics files - Free successor to GIF not patent encumbered, not compatible with really browsers, this now a moot point, everyone had to upgrade for security reasons
  • TIFF or TIF - Tagged Image File Format
  • PSD - Adobe Photoshop images
  • BMP - Uncompressed bitmap images files
  • XCF - The GIMP image files
  • ICO - Windows icon files
  • SVG - Uses XML to describe vector graphics

Audio Formats:

  • WAV - Sampled wave forms - Windows format
  • AIFF - Sampled wave forms - Sun Microsystems and Apple format
  • OGG - Ogg Media (usually Ogg Vorbis compressed audio format)
  • MP3 - Compressed Audio format
  • WMA, WMV - Microsoft's compressed Audio and Video format
  • AAC - Dolby's Compressed Audio format
  • SHN, Shorten file format for lossless audio compression
  • RA, RM, RAM - Real Media stand-alone and streaming audio and video formats

Text Formats:

  • RTF - Rich Text File format
  • TXT - Plain text (usually)

Office Formats:

Internet Formats:

  • HTM/HTML - HyperText Markup Language
  • PHP - HyperText Pre-Processing (a deliberately weird acronymn)
  • ASP - Windows Active Server Pages
  • JSP - Java Server Pages
  • CSS - Cascading Style Sheets
  • VRML - Virtual Reality Markup Language
  • CGI - Generic web-based scripts
  • JS - JavaScript

Compression/Archival Formats:

  • ZIP - PKWare archives
  • RAR - RAR archives
  • ARJ - ARJ archives
  • TAR - UNIX tape archives, uncompressed. Usually they are they compressed leading to .tar.Z or .tar.gz or nowadays .tar.bz2 extensions
  • 7Z - 7zip archives
  • BZ2 - bzip2 compressed files
  • GZ - gzip compressed files
  • Z - UNIX compressed files
  • CAB - Windows install archives
  • ACE - ACE archives
  • LZH - LZH archives
  • LHA - LHA archives

Source code Formats:

  • C - C source code
  • H - C header file
  • CPP - C++ source code, although there are not really standard file extension for C++ and some use .C (notice the uppercase or .cxx
  • JAVA - Java source code
  • BAS - BASIC source code
  • PAS - Pascal source code

Executable Formats:

Multimedia

File Authentication

Unsorted

  • INF - Windows driver information files
  • O - UNIX compiled object files
  • OBJ - Windows compiled object files
  • CLASS - Java compiled object files
  • JAR - Packed Java compiled objects