From iA wiki
A standard is a specification which aids interoperability for widespread and rapid adoption. Standards can be based on an agreed code and should be simple and scale well. Standards increase trust because they reflect a higher reputation or most preferred rating.
Global standards nearly always compete with local standards in a process of internationalization, particularly with globalized industries. Of course there is no known standard for every particular activity or circumstance.
Examples of relevant standards include;
- Encryption standards such as AES and DES
- File Formats
- Compact Disc
- Platforms, Operating System and Languages
- Copyright standards from the Berne Convention
Organisations or projects that support, promote and adopt internet standards include;