See also: Pioneers | Big Boys
Acronym: International Business Machines
Home Page: http://www.ibm.com
IBM was a major player in bringing affordable, standardized computers to the masses.
In 2001 Edwin Black wrote "IBM and the Holocaust" in which he described how IBM developed Hollerith tabulators for Nazis use. The machines helped process concentration camp prisoners.
This company has spent a lot of money on research and development into information and communications technology. Details of awards and achievements are available. Benoit Mandelbrot was a researcher at IBM who made significant progress, in understanding chaos.