See also: Programming Languages
Fortran, the FORmula TRANslation system, is often credited as being the first high-level programming language. Design started in 1954 at IBM, with John Backus leading. It was released on the IBM 704.
Sample Fortran 90 program:
integer :: i=2,j=3
print*,"sum of",i," and",j," is",i+j
end program xsum
The latest standard is Fortran 2003. There is more information about Fortran in the Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortran .