Collective Intelligence

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Also see: Collaboration | Collective | Intelligence | Anarchism

Wikipedia: Collective Intelligence

Adapted from Wikipedia:

"Collective intelligence as characterized by Tom Atlee, Doug Engelbart, Cliff Joslyn, Ron Dembo, and other theorists, is that which overcomes "groupthink" and individual cognitive bias in order to allow a relatively large number of people to cooperate in one process - leading to reliable action. In this context, it refers to a very rigorous consensus decision making, and may properly be considered a subfield of sociology.
A less anthropomorphic conception is that a large number of cooperating entities can cooperate so closely as to become indistinguishable from a single organism with a single focus of attention and threshold of action. These ideas are more closely explored in Society of Mind theory and sociobiology, as well as in biology proper."

(Adaption from Wikipedia is FDL licensed)