Adapted from Wikipedia:
- "Collective intelligence as characterized by Tom Atlee, Doug Engelbart, Cliff Joslyn, Ron Dembo, and other theorists, is that which overcomes "groupthink" and individual cognitive bias in order to allow a relatively large number of people to cooperate in one process - leading to reliable action. In this context, it refers to a very rigorous consensus decision making, and may properly be considered a subfield of sociology.
- A less anthropomorphic conception is that a large number of cooperating entities can cooperate so closely as to become indistinguishable from a single organism with a single focus of attention and threshold of action. These ideas are more closely explored in Society of Mind theory and sociobiology, as well as in biology proper."